Quotes on Obesity and Obesity Prevention Research

"Obesity contributes to over 300,000 deaths per year, principally through its association with cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and several cancers. Obesity currently is the second leading cause of preventable death and will soon surpass cigarette smoking, the leading cause. Health economists estimate that obesity costs our nation approximately $100 billion a year. And these figures say nothing about the personal suffering of those affected by obesity."

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"The three most commonly-cited statistics associated with the obesity epidemic are 1) that obesity causes 300,000 American deaths per year; 2) that 61 percent of Americans are overweight or obese; and 3) that the economic cost of American obesity is $117 billion a year. The Federal Register notice of this very hearing cited two of these three numbers. And all three are seriously flawed."

David Martosko
The Center for Consumer Freedom
October 23, 2003
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“The simple fact is that our diets have changed radically within the last 50 years, with great and often very harmful effects on our health. These dietary changes represent as great a threat to public health as smoking. Too much fat, too much sugar or salt, can be and are linked directly to heart disease, cancer, obesity, and stroke, among other killer diseases. In all, six of the ten leading causes of death in the United States have been linked to our diet.

Those of us within Government have an obligation to acknowledge this. The public wants some guidance, wants to know the truth, and hopefully today we can lay the cornerstone for the building of better health for all Americans, through better nutrition.”

Senator George McGovern
95th Congress, U.S. Government Printing Office
February 1977
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"Obesity is a genuine problem in America, but our national debate on the subject has become nothing short of hysterical. And around every corner is a hidden agenda.

Pharmaceutical interests, like the American Obesity Association … promote an alarmist view of the problem, in order to justify increased government support and promotion of new obesity drugs.

Animal rights groups, like the deceptively named ‘Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine’ … like to inflame the public's obesity fears in order to disparage beef, chicken, pork, milk, cheese, and other nutritious foods that are not ‘animal-rights friendly.’”

David Martosko
The Center for Consumer Freedom
October 23, 2003
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"America is at war with obesity. We could eventually come to find, however, that this war’s origins are as dubious as the sinking of the Maine.

None of this is to say extreme obesity is healthy, or even benign (though, as we’ve seen, some studies suggest a few extra pounds may give a mild protective effect, particularly among the elderly). The decline in incidence and deaths from heart disease and cancer are almost certainly due to advances in medical research and technology. We’re getting better at uncovering these diseases early, and with pharmaceutical marvels like statin drugs and chemotherapy, we’re making huge leaps in treatment once we’ve diagnosed them. …

But the notion that our expanding waistlines have put us on the verge of a calamitous offensive against our health-care system simply isn’t borne out by the evidence. And so these incessant calls for immediate, large-scale government interference in how we grow, process, manufacture, market, prepare, sell, and eat our food ring hollow, hyperbolic, and needlessly invasive."

Radley Balko
The Freeman, Vol. 55, Issue 8
Foundation for Economic Education
October 2005
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“The body of anecdotal evidence which suggests that large differences in individual metabolic processes exist is enormous. ‘Fad diets’ actually work, for some people. The government diet also works, but again only for a minority of Americans. Some Americans thrive by eschewing all animal products. Others find the occasional beef, pork, or chicken entrée beneficial. Still others eat little else but meat and cheese and live long, healthy lives.”

Robert E. Wright
Ideas on Liberty
Foundation for Economic Education
November 2002
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"Obesity is the leading medical reason young adults are not qualified to serve. Obesity rate among children and young adults have increased dramatically in recent decades. By now most of us have heard that in the past 30 years, child obesity rates have more than tripled. New data from the CDC paints an even starker portrait. In the last decade alone, between 1998 and 2008, the number of states reporting that 40 percent or more young adults were overweight or obese rose from one state to 39. To put this problem into perspective, today’s young Americans between the ages of 18 and 24 would have to collectively lose 390 million pounds in order to be at a healthy weight.”

Paul D. Monroe
U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Education and Labor
June 29, 2010
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“In the case of diet and obesity, research based on correlations has provided contradictory evidence on the impact of soda prices or taxes; the most rigorous statistical studies tend to find no impact at all. Most important, there's also evidence from a half dozen or so randomized field experiments in which information, access, or prices were controlled in order to reduce soda consumption while researchers also measured the impact on weight gain. What happened? First, consumption of the targeted beverage was sometimes reduced, just as intended. Second, compensation among various calorie sources was common as subjects adjusted to the new choices they faced. And third, in each experiment the impact on weight gain was either trivial or temporary, disappearing as compensation and other forces did their work. Conducted in the past half dozen years, with subjects ranging from pre-teens to teens and adults, field experiments that are our best science have cast serious doubt on the use of soda taxes to fight obesity.”

John E. Calfee
The Huffington Post
American Enterprise Institute
November 18, 2010
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"Obesity is not a 'disease' in the traditional sense of the word. It’s not communicable. Obesity is a consequence of our choices. And many of those choices are made passively, in a comfortable but rigor-free environment.

Over the past four decades, many fat-inducing elements of the American lifestyle have driven weight gain. But many health officials and food activists have largely ignored these trends in people’s personal lives or paid lip service to their existence. Instead, in an attempt to influence public policy, they have labeled obesity an epidemic and gone on a witch-hunt for a modern-day contaminated well."

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"With fad diets, strict regimes, and lofty promises, the weight-loss industry often perpetuates the problem the industry claims to solve. Food deprivation lowers the body’s basal metabolic rate (BMR) to promote fat storage and energy conservation. Food restriction encourages cravings and leads to binge eating. ... Seemingly unattainable ideals promote depression among participants and cycle dieters back toward overeating. These physiological and psychological mechanisms fight so effectively against weight loss that researchers estimate that the failure rate among dieters is greater than 95 percent."

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"While the Food Stamp program has little positive effect on food quality, considerable evidence indicates that the program has the counter-productive effect of increasing obesity. For example, a recent study funded by USDA found that low-income women who participate in the Food Stamp program are substantially more likely to be obese than women in households with the same non-food stamp income who did not receive food stamps. Over the long term, food stamp receipt was found to increase obesity in men as well."

Robert Rector
The Heritage Foundation
July 13, 2010
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"There is a growing concern among policymakers and educators that junk food availability in schools is a significant contributor to the childhood obesity epidemic. Between 2003 and 2005, approximately 200 pieces of legislation were introduced in US state legislatures to establish nutritional standards in schools or to address the availability or quality of competitive foods .... At the federal level, legislation was passed in 2004 requiring local education agencies to develop a 'wellness policy' by 2006 that included nutrition guidelines for all of the foods available in schools. More recently, there has been debate in the US Congress over enacting an amendment to the farm bill that would further restrict the sale of unhealthy foods and beverages in Schools ....

But it is unclear that the available evidence on competitive foods is sufficiently compelling to warrant such a concerted response. … While estimates from naïve models suggest a positive association between competitive foods in school and BMI, estimates from models that control for observed and unobserved sources of heterogeneity (including baseline BMI) find no statistically significant relationship between competitive food availability and BMI, regardless of how we measure competitive food availability."

Ashlesha Datar
Nancy Nicosia
RAND Health and RAND Labor and Population Working Paper, 672
RAND Corporation
March 2009
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"While these numbers sound ominous, it is important to understand what 'food insecurity' means. According to the USDA, ‘food insecurity’ is usually a recurring and episodic problem rather than a chronic condition. … In 2008, around two-thirds of food insecure households experienced ‘low food security,’ meaning that these households managed to avoid any disruption or reduction in food intake throughout the year but were forced by financial pressures to reduce ‘variety in their diets’ or rely on a ‘few basic foods’ at various times in the year. …

While temporary food shortages are a concern, what is rarely discussed is that the government’s own data show, paradoxically, that the overwhelming majority of food insecure adults are, like most adult Americans, overweight or obese. Among adult males experiencing food insecurity, fully 70 percent are overweight or obese. … Nearly three-quarters of adult women experiencing food insecurity are either overweight or obese, and nearly half (45 percent) are obese. Virtually no food insecure adults are underweight."

Robert Rector
The Heritage Foundation
July 13, 2010
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"Many concerns have been expressed that low-carbohydrate weight loss diets, high in total and saturated fat, will adversely affect blood lipid levels and cardiovascular risk. ... These concerns have not been substantiated in recent weight-loss diet trials. The recent trials, like the current study, have consistently reported that triglycerides, HDL-C, blood pressure, and measures of insulin resistance either were not significantly different or were more favorable for the very-low-carbohydrate groups. ...

The exception to this pattern has been LDL-C concentrations. Two of the most consistent findings in recent trials of low-carbohydrate vs low-fat diets have been higher LDL-C concentrations and lower triglyceride concentrations in the low-carbohydrate diets. … Although a higher LDL-C concentration would appear to be an adverse effect, this may not be the case under these study conditions."

Christopher D. Gardner Ph.D.
et al.
The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 297, No. 9
American Medical Association
March 7, 2007
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"Many non-economic societal changes do not initially appear to explain why the prevalence of obesity is increasing. Consider the following: (i) an increasing portion of Americans are exercising and dieting, (ii) Americans currently possess more knowledge of the consequences of obesity than ever before via government and medical awareness campaigns, (iii) biological factors, though capable of explaining weight differences within a cohort, should not have changed enough to explain differences in obesity over the last half-century, and (iv) weight is no longer a status symbol indicating prosperity .... Yet, Americans are more likely to be obese now than ever. Perhaps obesity is an economic phenomenon where individuals select their optimal weight, which may not be medically optimal (the weight that minimizes mortality), by comparing the marginal benefit with the marginal cost of losing or gaining weight. If so, then economic factors may serve to explain at least a portion of the increasing prevalence of obesity."

Charles Baum
Contractor and Cooperator Report, No. 34
USDA
September 2007
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“… I feel the American public would be in a better position to exercise freedom of dietary choice if it were stated in bold print on the Goals and Food Selection pages that the value of dietary change remains controversial and that science cannot at this time insure that an altered diet will provide improved protection from certain killer diseases such as heart disease and cancer.”

Senator Charles H. Percy
95th Congress, U.S. Government Printing Office
February 1977
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Commentary or Blog Post

This piece discusses growing medical research which suggests that high intake of carbohydrates and not fat is the culprit of America's obesity problem. Jameson gives a clear and concise overview of how the body digests food and burns calories, and then explains various studies which demonstrate that a low-carb diet does not have adverse effects on health.

According to this article, the controversy between low-carb and low-fat diets may be disappearing. The American Diabetes Association suggests that both diets promote effective weight loss, but the effectiveness of each can vary depending on the individual. This article goes on to say that weight loss is often most successful if an individual can faithfully maintain...

Noting that the dietary guidelines set by the government are generally adhered to by the public, Robert Wright wonders if the guidelines are really a recipe for good health. Wright believes that every individual has a different genetic makeup, and as such, responds...

This piece examines what is behind weight loss levels of obese patients following the low-carb Atkins diet. Studies suggest that much of the Atkins diet weight loss occurs in the first six months of the diet. The authors of this piece admit that the Atkins diet has been...

"Fans of convenience store hot dogs will get to read how many calories are in a dog. But beer drinkers won't have to deal with the guilt.

The Obama administration Friday issued proposed rules that vendors must follow to inform customers about calorie counts of a range of foods—from a Big Mac to a brownie.

Many food sellers are exempt, and for now the new regulations, which are...

As the title suggests, food limitation is not necessarily the key to weight reduction. According to Bernard Gutin, a certain study shows evidence that "trying to limit ... [a child's] energy intake may run counter to the biological demands of growth." Gutin...

In this piece, Patrick Basham and John Luik look at a variety of studies behind the common claim that obesity and cancer are related. Their findings suggest that more often than not, cancer cases are unrelated to the presence of obesity. This article also discusses the...

In this piece, Aleks Karnick reports on a Journal of American Medicine report which suggests that the growth of childhood obesity has stagnated. According to Karnick, "[a]nalysts say the study ... shows individuals' personal...

"In line with its previous commitments to balanced nutrition, the Los Angeles school board voted Tuesday to implement one of the largest and most comprehensive food procurement polices of any school district."

This article presents the results of a study which compared weight loss rates of people on low-fat diets and low-carb diets. Both groups experienced similar weight loss, but the low-carb group also experienced better blood pressure results. These results...

This article reports on a study presenting "'data [which] implicate[s] dietary carbohydrate rather than fat as a more significant nutritional factor contributing to inflammatory processes.'" According to this piece, the medical community generally accepts...

This article reports on the Medicare policy on obesity. Before 2004 the Medicare program referred to obesity as "a personal failure," but now Medicare refers to obesity as "a medical problem" and is open to paying for "anti-obesity treatment."...

"New Yorkers have been in the throes of sticker shock since this spring when the Big Apple became the first city in the country to implement a law forcing chain restaurants to post the calorie count of each food in the same size and font as the price.

Restaurants have not exhausted their legal challenges, but the city will start fining violators up to $2,000 beginning Friday, say...

"If New York City bans big sodas, what's next on the list? Large slices of pizza? Double-scoop ice cream cones? Tubs of movie-theater popcorn? The 16-ounce strip steak?

The proposed crackdown on super-sized drinks could face a legal challenge from those who oppose the first-in-the-nation rule and fear the city isn't going to stop with beverages.

Mayor Michael Bloomberg wants to...

"Since first lady Michelle Obama made childhood obesity her signature project almost two years ago, the issue has had the kind of highly visible national leadership that it previously lacked.

But that isn't enough, say public health leaders frustrated with the slow progress in stemming America's obesity epidemic.

Something more ambitious is needed, they argue — something more...

According to Paul John Scott, the recent government dietary guidelines continue to promote dietary nonsense. Scott believes that the "calories-in, calories-out" method of weight management is ill-...

As John Calfee explains, the idea of new soda consumption taxes is to alleviate budget woes and lower obesity rates. This interesting claim is fiction, Calfee declares, for a large variety of research demonstrates that increasing soda taxes simply encourages individuals to indulge in...

According to Williams and Christ, "[p]olicymakers think they have found a magic pill of sorts to cure obesity: excise taxes." This article seeks to persuade readers that taxes on items like soft drinks...

Commenting on a study linking suburban...

"Banning extra-large sugary sodas. Blocking fast-food restaurants in some neighborhoods. Requiring calorie counts on menus. Kicking snack foods out of public schools. Are anti-obesity campaigns crossing the line into nanny state intrusion?"

According to J. T. Winkler, the flaw in obesity research is in the fact that no researcher can be absolutely sure if the study subjects are accurately reporting their food intake. Winkler explains that many diet studies are plagued by subjects who - either intentionally...

According to Basham and Luik, the idea that "we're getting fatter each year" is not necessarily true. The authors cite two studies from early 2010 which suggest that the percentage of obese people has not really changed in recent decades. This piece concludes by...

Tracing the history of the United States dietary guidelines, this article suggests that the official dietary recommendations of the last century have been politically motivated and not based on solid research. This article also describes the various changes...

This brief article notes the success of the Atkins diet when matched up against three other weight loss diets. According to this piece, researchers from Stanford compared four diets and found that people on the low-carb...

According to this piece, weight gain and loss could actually be more complicated than people realize due to its relation to an individual's genetic composition. This information accounts for the effectiveness variation often seen amongst weight loss diets...

Chart or Graph

Despite this massive increase in overweight and obesity among the poor, federal feeding programs still operate under their nearly half-century-old objective of increasing food consumption. Few experts are willing to say that federal feeding programs are making the poor fat, although the evidence points in that direction.

The criterion for defining obesity (i.e., BMI of 30 kg/m2) was selected principally on the basis of the strong relation between BMI and mortality, shown in Figure 2.

In a comparison of Food Stamp recipients to Non-Food Stamp recipients, the above charts demonstrate that the former do have higher levels of obesity. "Shown in figures 5 and 6 for low-income males and low-income females, respectively, the prevalence of obesity tends to increase over time.

"Ideological battles are currently playing out at both the state and federal levels as regulators seek an appropriate balance between private liberty and public health. Table 1 lists the key regulatory targets and tools."

In the analysis in which base-line values were carried forward in the case of missing values, the group on the low-carbohydrate diet had lost significantly more weight than the group on the conventional diet at 3 months (P=0.001) and 6 months (P=0.02), but the difference in weight loss was not statistically significant at 12 months (P=0.26) (Table 2 and Fig. 1A).

There are large differences between nations in their use of active transportation and obesity rates (Figures 2 and 3). European countries that rely heavily on walking and cycling have lower rates of obesity. In contrast, the United States, Australia, and Canada demonstrate extreme automobile dependence and have the highest rates of obesity.

The policies of school districts have been criticized for contributing to what researchers describe as a 'toxic environment' for children ... about 60 percent of U.S. middle schools and high schools sell soft drinks from vending machines on campus.

Some states ... have attempted to improve nutrition and fitness beyond the school gates (Fig. 2) ... by creating safe and attractive places to enjoy outdoor exercise. Another, more controversial approach is to tax junk foods, typically by excluding them from the general exemption of foods from state sales taxes.

This graphic demonstrates the growth of obesity in the last decade of the twentieth century. In ten years, a large number of states experienced around a ten percent jump in their obesity rates.

Although young adults (18–29 years ...) have lower prevalence of obesity (24%) compared with persons 30 years and over (31%–41%), it is noteworthy that the proportion of young adults who are obese has more than tripled from 8% in 1971–1974 to 24% in 2005–2006 (Figure 7), while in most other adult age groups the prevalence doubled during that time period.

Analysis Report White Paper

This paper reports on the results of a study which examined weight loss differences between low-carb diets and low-fat diets. The study took place over the course of a year, and at the end of the year, more participants on the low-carb diet were still a part of the study.

This work by Forsythe et al. reports on a comparison of low-fat and low-carb diets over a twelve week period. While neither group lost excessive weight, the report does find that those on a low-carb diet lost more and generally saw greater benefits in health variables.

In this study, researchers compared the effects of two low-carb diets with two low-fat diets. Their results suggested that the Atkins diet produced the best weight loss effects within one year.

This piece discusses the widely touted American obesity numbers and how those numbers happened to evolve. Balko admits that obesity is harmful to the health of Americans, but he believes that the matters of eating and exercise should be left in the hands of individuals and not regulated by the government.

As the title suggests, this report frames the obesity epidemic as an issue that must be dealt with through public health/public policy measures. This report covers obesity statistics, obesity related programs and initiatives in the last fifty years, and ways in which obesity can be combated on the public level.

In this piece, Chris Edwards describes the many food subsidy programs that exist in the federal government, including food stamps and school lunches. Edwards believes that these programs are an immense drain on the American taxpayer and are also cesspools of fraud and abuse.

"The world-wide and ongoing rise in obesity has generated enormous popular interest and policy concern in developing countries, where it is rapidly becoming the major public health problem facing such nations. As a consequence, there has been a rapidly growing field of economic analysis of the causes and consequences of this phenomenon."

Conducted by Ashlesha Datar and Nancy Nicosia, this study suggests that the ready availability of junk food in schools has little, if any, bearing on the obesity problem. Based on their findings, the authors infer that banning junk food from schools may be an unnecessary regulatory move.

This study attempts to measure the health differences between people living in urban and suburban communities. The authors conclude that the government should encourage public policy initiatives such as walking, better infrastructure design, and more mass transportation.

The authors seem to believe that more regulation is good, and give a variety of ways in which public health initiatives can intervene in the obesity crisis. However, the authors admit that regulation is an uphill battle due to the fact that people prefer to retain free speech and other rights.

The authors of this piece believe that obesity is caused by a number of different variables, some of which include genetic makeup, environment, and dietary content. Following their discussion of these variables, Wadden, Brownell, and Foster explain various obesity treatments and their success.

Drawing on the theory of evolution, this piece describes the changes in physical activity that humanity has undergone through the years. The researchers believe that the energetic, daily activity of the past produced far better health results than our current, sedentary lifestyle does today.

"Adding simple, 'traffic light' nutrition labels to the front of each food package would change consumers' buying habits, as would listing calories on menus at chain restaurants. Consumption of fattening food would be further reduced by banning its advertisement in the mass media."

This piece examines the weight differences between those who live in various types of neighborhoods, with a special interest in those who live in low-income areas or food retail dense areas. Contrary to what some might believe, people living in neighborhoods with a high level of food retail options actually have a lower BMI than those who do not.

This report offers a fun and interesting look at the countless ways in which the lives of Americans have changed over the years. Some of the possible weight gain factors that the authors advance include the increase in depression medication, the prevalence of women in the workforce, and the decrease in smoking.

Snacking is generally perceived as a bad habit which promotes more caloric intake. This study, however, finds that individuals who snacked more often were generally not in the overweight or obese category. In fact, the individuals classified as obese were less likely to snack during the day.

Charles Baum adds another factor by suggesting that the Food Stamp program could be increasing the obesity problem. This piece studies weight levels of Food Stamp participants and finds that there was a decided weight increase over time amongst those who used Food Stamps.

This paper describes how fat in food products has been replaced with fructose in recent years, and then describes why this is harmful to our bodies. Dr. Lustig believes that the dangers of fructose should be combated with more public awareness campaigns and greater regulatory measures on sugary products.

"The law of unintended consequences holds that even well intentioned policies can have adverse effects.  Just as U.S. farm policy may have helped American farmers become the most productive cultivators on the planet and contributed to low food prices across the country, America's system of crop subsidies also may be contributing to poor health. Ninety-...

The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 (as amended) introduced many of the Farm Bill provisions that continue to the present day, including precursors to the current food and nutrition programs (FANPs).

As the title suggests, this study compares weight loss levels of those on vegetarian diets and other weight loss programs. The researchers found that the subjects on a vegetarian diet were more likely to have a lower weight and BMI. Vegetarian dieters were also found to be more faithful to their diet than those on other diets.

This study examines obesity rates in several developed countries, while also examining active transportation rates, namely, walking and biking. The authors suggest that there could very well be a correlation between physically exerting transportation and weight levels.

In this piece, Gary Taubes discusses the controversy between low-carb diets, such as those promoted by Robert Atkins, and low-fat diets, which are commonly encouraged by places such as the American Medical Association.

As the title suggests, this piece studies the issue of whether or not bias exists in the publication of medical research related to obesity. The authors caution their fellow researchers to stick to the facts when presenting their research, even when that research might be contrary to popular opinion.

Video/Podcast/Media

"Russ Roberts talks with Darius Lakdawalla of Rand and the National Bureau of Economic Research on the economics of obesity, how much fatter are Americans and why. How much is due to the spread of fast food vs. the falling price of food and the change in the U.S. workplace?"

This video features a lively debate between low-carb diet proponent Gary Taubes, American Heart Association representative Barbara Howard, and low-fat diet proponent Dean Ornish. All three advance their views on the best way to lose weight, while debating the research that...

This clip discusses a study which suggested that obesity levels are skyrocketing among preschool aged children. Dr. Ashton discusses the various implications that increased obesity could have for American children and suggests that parents monitor their children's food intake and exercise levels more carefully.

This clip offers an audio interview with Gary Taubes, a high profile scientific journalist who reaches back into past research and hypothesizes that carbohydrates are a major contributor to weight gain, not fat. Taubes presents his ideas and their relation to the obesity epidemic in America today. The second half of this interview can be found...

"In a hearing entitled 'The Supersizing of America: The Federal Government's Role in Combating Obesity and Promoting Healthy Living', witnesses testified regarding obesity in the United States, the role of the government in combating obesity, and medical conditions related to obesity. Among the topics addressed were junk food taxes, additional food labeling...

In a lecture before the Royal Society of Arts, Michael Pollan describes the effects of the "Western Diet," namely, the excessive consumption of processed foods. Pollan believes that the increasing obesity levels in America stem from the increased sugar levels that Americans have substituted for fat....

Rather than claiming that fat and carbohydrates are the cause of today's obesity epidemic, Dr. Robert Lustig suggests that sugar or fructose is the culprit of the problem. According to Dr. Lustig, high fructose corn syrup has been substituted for fat in...

In this brief interview, author Michael Pollan answers a variety of questions about American food intake. Pollan takes the "activist" view of food intake and encourages a return to more natural methods of food production in America.

According to this news clip, the growing prevalence of obesity in America's children is causing Michelle Obama to promote the "Let's Move" initiative. Mrs. Obama seeks to use her initiative to encourage children to exercise more and eat healthier foods in school.

Primary Document

This document contains excerpts from the first edition of the United States Dietary Goals. Included in this document is testimony from George McGovern, a senator who played a major role in establishing U.S. food guidelines, as well as testimony from several other doctors who...

In the recent decades, the United States has released dietary recommendations for Americans to follow. These dietary guidelines normally revolve around such ideas as eating low-fat diets with plenty of fruits, grains, and vegetables, getting sufficient exercise, and in...

In testifying about whether or not funding should be increased for school nutrition programs, Robert Rector delves into the effects government subsidized welfare has on children and adults. According...

"Subsequently the purchasing of Good Food is a vital component to providing the nutritional needs of all children in the LAUSD."

Although he witnessed the malnutrition and hunger prevalent in the southern United States in the 1960s, Douglas Besharov believes that the government policies once implemented to help feed impoverished Americans are now contributing to their increasingly obese state. In this testimony,...

This massive volume reports on the health status of Americans in a variety of areas. The section pertaining to American obesity begins on page 50.

This court case offers an example of the obesity related lawsuits that are often brought against food corporations. In this particular case, two parents alleged that the claims of nutritious food offered...

"Therefore, I have set a goal to solve the problem of childhood obesity within a generation so that children born today will reach adulthood at a healthy weight."

Testifying before Congress on the subject of America's increasingly obese population, NAASO vice-president, Thomas Wadden, encourages Congress to engage in more healthy weight-control policies. Wadden suggests that increased federal funding for obesity research and policies which would...

In this speech, David Martosko suggests that much of the commonly cited data about America's obese state is actually unfounded. Martosko believes that much of the hype behind the obesity statistics is driven by special interest groups such as...

In his testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives, Surgeon General Richard Carmona declares that there are "three key factors that we must address to reduce and eliminate childhood obesity in America." Mr. Carmona describes these three factors as "1. Increased physical activity; 2. Healthier eating habits; and 3. Improved health literacy." This testimony...

"This Surgeon General’s Call To Action To Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity calls upon individuals, families, communities, schools, worksites, organizations, government, and the media to work together to build solutions that will bring better health to everyone in this country." The document also contains a variety of charts and information on...

According to retired Major General Paul D. Monroe, the growing rate of obesity is having adverse effects on our nation's military. This is due to the fact that the weight of many Americans prevents them from...

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