Quotes on The Welfare State & the Family

"The majority of Negro children receive public assistance under the AFDC program at one point or another in their childhood.

At present, 14 percent of Negro children are receiving AFDC assistance, as against 2 percent of white children. Eight percent of white children receive such assistance at some time, as against 56 percent of nonwhites, according to an extrapolation based on HEW data. …

Again, the situation may be said to be worsening. The AFDC program, deriving from the long established Mothers' Aid programs, was established in 1935 principally to care for widows and orphans, although the legislation covered all children in homes deprived of parental support because one or both of their parents are absent or incapacitated.



The steady expansion of this welfare program, as of public assistance programs in general, can be taken as a measure of the steady disintegration of the Negro family structure over the past generation in the United States."

Daniel Patrick Moynihan
Office of Policy Planning and Research, United States Department of Labor
March 1965
Library Topic

"In too many cases, if our Government had set out determined to destroy the family, it couldn't have done greater damage than some of what we see today. Too often these programs, well-intentioned, welfare programs for example, which were meant to provide for temporary support, have undermined responsibility. They've robbed people of control of their lives, destroyed their dignity, in some cases -- and we've tried hard to change this -- encouraged people, man and wife, to live apart because they might just get a little bit more to put in their pockets."

President George H. W. Bush
The American Presidency Project
March 26, 1992
Library Topic
Library Topic: What is the Family?

"Most of the major problems that many black people face are not amendable to political solutions and government anti-poverty programs. Let's look at some. In 1940, 86 percent of black children were born inside marriage, and the illegitimacy rate among blacks was about 15 percent.

Today, only 35 percent of black children are born inside marriage, and the illegitimacy rate hovers around 70 percent. Today's breakdown of the black family is unprecedented. It began in the 1960s with the War on Poverty and the harebrained ideas of the welfare state. … By the way, the welfare state is an equal opportunity family destroyer. Today's illegitimacy rate among whites, at nearly 30 percent, is higher than it was among blacks in the 1960s when Moynihan sounded the alarm. In Sweden, the mother of the welfare state, illegitimacy is 54 percent."

Walter E. Williams
Capitalism Magazine
August 12, 2009
Library Topic

"The disappearance of marriage in low-income communities is the predominant cause of child poverty in the U.S. today. If poor single mothers were married to the fathers of their children, two-thirds of them would not be poor. The absence of a husband and father from the home also is a strong contributing factor to failure in school, crime, drug abuse, emotional disturbance, and a host of other social problems."

Robert Rector
The Heritage Foundation
April 12, 2010
Library Topic

"Family was an integral way of caring for individuals as a whole for centuries. Supporters of the welfare state forget the past."

Vedran Vuk
Mises Daily
The Ludwig von Mises Institute
July 12, 2006
Library Topic

"The tragedy of government welfare programs is not just wasted taxpayer money but wasted lives. The effects of welfare in encouraging the break-up of low-income families have been extensively documented. The primary way that those with low incomes can advance in the market economy is to get married, stay married, and work—but welfare programs have created incentives to do the opposite."

Michael Tanner
Tad DeHaven
Downsizing the Federal Government
Cato Institute
September 2010
Library Topic

"Of course women do not get pregnant just to get welfare benefits. It is also true that a wide array of other social factors has contributed to the growth in out-of-wedlock births. But, by removing the economic consequences of a[n] out-of-wedlock birth, welfare has removed a major incentive to avoid such pregnancies. A teenager looking around at her friends and neighbors is liable to see several who have given birth out of wedlock. When she sees that they have suffered few visible immediate consequences (the very real consequences of such behavior are often not immediately apparent), she is less inclined to modify her own behavior to prevent pregnancy."

Michael Tanner
Cato Institute
June 7, 1995
Library Topic

"When the modern system of public assistance evolved in the 1930s, proponents felt that a humane society should take care of those who had no male breadwinner in the home. No thought was given to the possibility that public assistance predicated on the absence of a male head of household might lead to an increase in the number of such families. If you subsidize something, usually you get more of it, and this has been the case with the single parent families and the welfare system."

Lowell E. Gallaway Ph.D.
Richard Vedder
U.S. House of Representatives
September 1996
Library Topic

"Before the welfare state, there existed incentives to have children and insure your own future. Now, we have incentives to break the family apart. TANF actually gives more money to single moms. This may seem like a great program to help single mothers in need, but in reality, the program makes it easier for the man in the family to leave. It reduces the man's practical responsibility to stay and raise the child. The program creates more single mothers!"

Vedran Vuk
Mises Daily
The Ludwig von Mises Institute
July 12, 2006
Library Topic

"…in America the problem with primarily cash welfare was that it undermined the work ethic and produced a generation of people who had never been employed, encouraged (if not exactly caused) unmarried motherhood, wrecked families (or made it irrational to start them), and reduced the inner cities to Third World status."

Norman Barry
The Freeman, Volume 51, Issue 3
Foundation for Economic Education
March 2001
Library Topic

"As welfare contributes to the rise in out-of-wedlock births and single-parent families, it concomitantly contributes to the associated increase in criminal activity.

Secondly, welfare leads to increased crime by contributing to the marginalization of young black men in society. There are certainly many factors contributing to the increasing alienation and marginalization of young black men, including racism, poverty, and the failure of our educational system. However, welfare contributes as well. The welfare culture tells the man he is not a necessary part of the family. They are in effect cuckolded by the state. Their role of father and breadwinner is supplanted by the welfare check."

Michael Tanner
Cato Institute
June 7, 1995
Library Topic

"Americans often are told that the current welfare system does not promote long-term dependence. This also is untrue.

  • The 4.7 million families currently receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) already have spent, on average, six-and-a-half years on welfare.
  • When past and estimated future receipts of AFDC are combined, the estimated average length of stay on AFDC, among those families currently receiving benefits, is 13 years.
  • Among the 4.7 million families currently receiving AFDC, over 90 percent will spend over two years on the AFDC caseload. More than 75 percent will spend over five years on AFDC."
Patrick F. Fagan Ph.D.
Robert Rector
Backgrounder, #1084
The Heritage Foundation
June 5, 1996
Library Topic

"Welfare is also likely to entrap the next generation as well. The attitudes and habits that lead to welfare dependency are transmitted the same way as other parent-to-child pathologies, such as alcoholism and child abuse. Although it is true that the majority of children raised on welfare will not receive welfare themselves, the rate of welfare dependence for children raised on it is far higher than for their non-welfare counterparts.

Children raised on welfare are likely to have lower incomes as adults than children not raised on welfare. The more welfare received by a child's family, the lower that child's earnings as an adult tend to be, even holding constant such other factors as race, family structure, and education."

Michael Tanner
Tad DeHaven
Downsizing the Federal Government
Cato Institute
September 2010
Library Topic

"It is welfare dependence, not poverty, that has the most negative effect on children. Recent research by Congressional Budget Office Director June O'Neill shows that increasing the length of time a child spends on welfare may reduce the child's IQ by as much as 20 percent."

Patrick F. Fagan Ph.D.
Robert Rector
Backgrounder, #1084
The Heritage Foundation
June 5, 1996
Library Topic

"Although arithmetically most AFDC recipients were white, it had a disproportionate effect on the black community, where it almost destroyed the family. Between 1962 and 1972 the number of AFDC families tripled from 1 million to 3 million. By 1994, 66 percent of AFDC families were headed by never-married mothers; in 1975 the figure was only 33 percent. In certain inner-city areas the illegitimacy rate for black births was 80 percent (in 1950 the figure for the black community overall was 20 percent). Thirty percent of all welfare recipients go on welfare because of unwed motherhood. This was moral hazard on the grand scale."

Norman Barry
The Freeman, Volume 51, Issue 3
Foundation for Economic Education
March 2001
Library Topic

"Welfare dependency as a child has a negative effect on the earnings and employment capacity of young men. The more welfare income received by a boy's family during his childhood, the lower the boy's earnings will be as an adult, even when compared to boys in families with identical non-welfare income."

Patrick F. Fagan Ph.D.
Robert Rector
Backgrounder, #1084
The Heritage Foundation
June 5, 1996
Library Topic

"Why have the 1996 reforms worked, when three decades of prior reform efforts failed? The answer is that the new reforms were the first to fundamentally change the incentives single women faced under federal welfare programs. Before 1996, the main federal welfare program -- Aid to Families with Dependent Children -- had been in place since the New Deal. Under that program, a single mother was eligible for cash and noncash benefits so long as she had low earnings and a child under the age of 18. Previous efforts to move recipients from welfare to self-sufficiency focused only on providing employment and job-training programs, but left the basic benefit guarantee intact.

The 1996 reform changed this dramatically. The law scrapped this old system, replacing it with an entirely new program -- Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. The five-year lifetime limit for benefits and the up-front mandatory work requirement -- the major features of the 1996 reform -- totally changed the incentives. The time limit meant single mothers could no longer depend on a guaranteed income for 10 years or more. And the work requirement sharply limited welfare recipients' discretionary time."

June E. O'Neill
The Wall Street Journal
August 1, 2001
Library Topic

"The agenda of the state is to break up the family. The more you depend on the state, the more you justify its existence, and the larger it grows. The idea that people can provide things for themselves either individually or through the family frightens the state. It delegitimizes its role. The role of the family is dangerous to its survival.

Movement away from the welfare state is movement toward better family values and better family cohesiveness.

The death of the family is the life of the state."

Vedran Vuk
Mises Daily
The Ludwig von Mises Institute
July 12, 2006
Library Topic

"Welfare reform, enacted by Congress and signed by President Clinton in 1996, recognized the vital importance of marriage and family, in fact, 3 out of the 4 provisions related to marriage or family. Welfare reform requires states to pursue 'job preparation, work and marriage… prevent and reduce the incidence of out-of-wedlock pregnancies [and] encourage the formation and maintenance of two-parent families.' In spite of this overwhelming requirement, the focus of reforms seems to be principally on job preparation and work. It has been recognized as a bi-partisan, cultural imperative that the other three issues are part of welfare reform. Reauthorization must address the other 3 out of 4 issues more thoroughly. In order to begin to promote marriage, reduce illegitimacy, and encourage families we must curb the trends of divorce and fatherlessness. Father absence, a byproduct of divorce, illegitimacy, and the erosion of the traditional family, is responsible for: filling our prisons, causing psychological problems, suicide, psychosis, gang activity, rape, physical and sexual child abuse, violence against women, general violence, alcohol and drug abuse, poverty, lower academic achievement, school drop-outs, relationship instability, gender identity confusion, runaways, homelessness, cigarette smoking, and any number of corrosive social disorders."

Bill Wood
Committee on Ways and Means, Subcommittee on Human Resources
April 11, 2002
Library Topic

"The steady growth of childbearing by single women and the general collapse of marriage, especially among the poor, lie at the heart of the mushrooming welfare state. This year, taxpayers will spend over $300 billion providing means-tested welfare aid to single parents. The average single mother receives nearly three dollars in government benefits for each dollar she pays in taxes. These subsidies are funded largely by the heavy taxes paid by higher-income married couples. ...

Single mothers are inherently in far greater need of government support than married couples, so an increase in single parenthood leads almost inevitably to an increase in government benefits and services and a thriving welfare industry to supply them. Marital collapse creates a burgeoning new clientele dependent on government services and political patrons. ...

For the statist, the collapse of marriage is a gift that keeps on giving. It's no accident that the modern welfare system rewards single parents and penalizes married couples."

Robert Rector
The Heritage Foundation
April 12, 2010
Library Topic

"Many observers, when commenting on growing income inequality in America, focus correctly on evidence that, around the world, well-educated men and women enjoy increasing advantages over poorly educated ones.

Yet for some reason less attention is almost always devoted to the pivotal connection between family structure and success in school and in the economy.

Rarely, in short, is sufficient attention paid to how family fragmentation—in which, unhappily, the United States leads the industrialized world—is contributing to widening disparities of income and wealth.

Many liberals seem too busy instinctively blaming conservative ideas and policies for those troubling disparities, while many conservatives, equally unhelpfully, think it adequate, whenever the subject comes up, to charge liberals with suffering 'class envy' and waging 'class warfare.'

Might I respectfully add here that it is impossible for me to imagine how liberal friends could not be at least as concerned as I am from the conservative side of the aisle about the thinning of marriage and its straight line to social class ruptures?"

Dr. Mitchell B. Pearlstein
Center of the American Experiment
September 7, 2011
Library Topic
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In this piece, Jennifer Roback Morse extends the idea of the welfare state to areas such as social security. Morse contends that the rise of social security has caused parents to neglect the raising of their children, which in turn causes their children to neglect them in their old age. This pattern results in the breakdown of the family by furthering reliance on...

"Very high rates of family breakdown in the United States are subtracting from what very large numbers of students are learning in school—besides holding them back in many other ways.

This in turn is damaging the country economically, by making us less hospitable to innovation while also leaving millions of Americans less competitive in an increasingly demanding worldwide marketplace....

According to the editors at National Review Online, Obama's policies on welfare are seeking to undo the effective work done by his Democratic predecessor, Bill Clinton. While President...

"Sasha and Malia apparently aren't enough for Michelle Obama. She wants to mother our children, too. That's the only conclusion that can be reached when observing the First Lady's campaign to decrease parents' role in raising their children.

Obama's latest method of gaining more control is through school food nutrition standards. Noting that home-packed lunches aren't up to the First...

"Obama's desperate protests that his anti-business rant was taken out of context are betrayed both by that very context and because they are a part of a piece — just one more component of his war against the American entrepreneurial spirit.

He would have us believe that his words 'you didn’t build that' referred to roads and bridges and not businesses.

Given his accompanying...

According to Jarret, it is the duty of government "to give people a livelihood so that they can provide for their families.

According to Walter Williams, the black family was successfully rising out of poverty in the two decades preceding the 1960s. However, the well-being of the black family took a dramatic plunge following the welfare programs implemented...

In the eyes of Mitch Pearlstein, social welfare programs have done a lot of good, but they are also responsible for tearing down families. Pearlstein continues by declaring that when welfare programs break up the family, they also further the level of crime in our nation. The article infers that states could save tax money on crime by reducing tax spending on...

According to Rector and Bradley, a hidden provision in the stimulus bill of 2009 encouraged states to increase their welfare rosters. This encouragement was supposed to come in the form of monetary...

This piece traces the origins of the American welfare state and then describes its effective, though unintended, promotion of "welfare dependency, poverty, unmarried motherhood, and nonwork." Norman Barry goes on to explain the effects...

This piece describes the "stealth" attempt to undo the 1996 welfare reform act through a small phrase in the 2009 stimulus bill. According to this article, welfare reform may have some problems, but these problems need to be debated in the open rather than passed...

"Given all the problems that come with government, including waste and loss of freedom, government action should always be a last, desperate resort. Unfortunately, for decades government action has been the first resort in dealing with social problems. When it comes to family life, the negative fallout from this government-first philosophy should be obvious to all who understand economics and...

In this piece, James Payne extends the negative effects of the welfare state to government's role in the realm of adoption. According to Payne, government management of the adoption system not only inhibits loving families from adopting children, it also encourages unloving families to adopt through the offer of welfare subsidies. Payne believes that offering...

In this piece, Vedran Vuk subtly asks readers to consider what non-wealthy people did before the advent of welfare. According to Vuk, families stuck together and worked hard to ensure the well-being of their loved ones. Vuk believes that the arrival of the welfare state changed all of this and served to destroy families and their sense of duty, honor, and character...

"The press has rushed to report a minuscule drop in 'teen births' based on data released Tuesday by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). As usual, the mainstream media are focusing on a trivial, politically correct story while ignoring the real story buried in the data.

Here's the real story: According to CDC, a record 40.6...

According to Wade Horn, the Congressional welfare reform of 1996 encouraged welfare recipients to enter the job market, but it failed to discourage illegitimate child-bearing and encourage marriage. Horn gives several examples of state sponsored...

"Regardless of the definition of poverty or opinions on solutions for change, one thing is certain: Getting on government assistance is a lot easier than getting off. Many single mothers who become dependent on welfare programs find the road to self-sufficiency difficult.

Tanya Shavers, a 34-year-old mother of four who recently moved out of the Section 8 Payton Garden housing complex in...

"The proportion of single mothers on welfare has plummeted, while their employment rates have soared. Strikingly, these changes have been most pronounced for the least-advantaged women. But the big question is whether these developments are attributable to the reforms or are mainly a byproduct of the corresponding economic boom.

...

Chart or Graph

"Are welfare recipients less likely to hold 'traditional' family values than other women?"

"With the enactment of welfare reform in 1996, however, black child poverty plummeted at an unprecedented rate, falling by more than a quarter to 30 percent in 2001."

As the title implies, this chart lists several characteristics of AFDC recipients, including education and work levels, and marital and parental status.

"Among those remaining on welfare, the proportion experiencing critical hardships did not change between 1997 and 1999 (Figure A)."

"[T]he welfare rolls have plummeted by more than half since late 1994, with most of that decline occurring after TANF's enactment."

This chart graphs total welfare spending from 1950 to 2008.

"In 2011, the official poverty rate was 15.0 percent. There were 46.2 million people in poverty (Figure 4 and Table 3)."

"Median household income was $50,054 in 2011, a 1.5 percent decline in real terms from 2010 (Figure 1 and Table 1)."

"[A]s shown in Figure 2, the women who left welfare have not been left destitute; instead, they have joined the workforce in record-breaking numbers."

"In the typical U.S. state, less than half of teenagers have grown up in intact married families. But in eleven states, a majority of teenagers have been raised by both parents. Minnesota leads the Midwest and the nation with an Index of Family Belonging of 57 percent."

"The trends in AFDC/TANF recipient characteristics since 2002 are presented in Figure B...."

This chart shows the growth of government spending on welfare from 1900 to 2012. Welfare spending especially accelerated after 2005.

"The surveys asked women whether welfare reforms made them: (1) think more seriously about getting married and (2) want to postpone or stop having children."

Analysis Report White Paper

"The analysis in this report covers a group of families affected by welfare reform, those who have remained off the TANF rolls and have not come on, a group we term TANF 'non-entrants.' Non-entrants are composed of families who have never thought about applying for TANF and are self-sufficient without welfare, but also families who have thought about applying but...

In order to assess the behavioral and cognitive differences between children on welfare and children off welfare, this study examined families in both categories. The researchers discovered a few interesting surprises, but overall, their original assumptions were proved correct. One of their findings showed that children growing up on welfare are more likely to be...

This report challenges the notion that welfare reform had little effect on the reduction of child poverty in the United States. The authors examine the decided decline in child poverty in the six years following welfare reform and conclude the following:

...

As is to be expected, leaving the welfare system is not the easiest thing in the world. In this paper, Heather Boushey presents several statistics to show that the hardships of welfare families actually increase when they attempt to get out of the welfare state...

"The report’s main findings are as follows:

  • The number of families on welfare declined by 50 percent between the passage of welfare reform legislation in August, 1996 and the date for the most recent caseload statistics, September, 2000.
  • Most of the women heading these families have gone to work, contrary to the...

Old people in Sweden say that to be Swedish means to supply for your own, to take care of your self, and never be a burden on anyone else's shoulders. Independence and hard work was the common perception of a decent life, and the common perception of morality. That was less than one hundred years ago.

This piece offers a fascinating look into the correlations between welfare and destructive childhood behaviors. According to the authors, studies have shown that children on welfare will earn less as adults, obtain lower levels of education, struggle with anger and hyperactivity, and in general, follow in the footsteps of their welfare-dependent parents.

"As a foundation, this introductory article explains the federal-state program of cash assistance called Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), to which the term welfare refers in most of these articles. While a number of other social...

This piece provides an interesting look into a decade in which the welfare state was growing, but was definitely not as massive as it is today. Mary Jo Bane examines whether or not the increasing influence of welfare was detrimental to society and the family. Her analysis suggests that the welfare state was not overly damaging, but could grow to be a problem in the...

Many studies have been conducted on those who left the welfare payroll in the early days of welfare reform. This study seeks to present updated information on the circumstances of those who left welfare several years after it was reformed. The...

This link features a transcript of an event on welfare and its effects on families. The event combines commentary from respected researchers and also incorporates personal anecdotes from those who have received welfare. Many of the participants speak favorably of...

This piece frames the breakdown of the traditional family as one of the large factors behind American child poverty. This is especially true in low income families where out-of-wedlock birthrates are quite high. Interestingly, Robert Rector notes that the desire for...

Originally conceived as a means to prop up sagging crop prices to support American farmers, the Food Stamp Program, now called the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP, has exploded into a welfare program that costs tax payers a record $75.67 billion in 2011.

Contrary to what some have claimed, Melissa Pardue asserts that the welfare reform act of 1996 drastically reduced poverty for children in the black community. Pardue specifically declares that "[s]ince welfare reform, the poverty rate among black children has...

Recognizing that married, two-parent families are better for a child's well-being, this piece analyzes the effects of welfare reforms on the institution of marriage. The authors use data from a variety of surveys and conclude that most welfare reforms...

"This essay examines Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), which is a joint federal-state cash assistance program for low-income families with children." The authors provide a brief history of America's welfare programs and reforms through the years and...

"When Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996, teenage parents were on center stage. They were likely to end up on welfare, reported researchers, and their children were likely to experience poor health, have a hard time in school, become teen parents themselves, and spend time in prison. In an effort to respond to these...

This piece examines the issue of whether or not increased welfare benefits are directly related to family breakup and single motherhood. Unlike many studies, Moehling's piece goes beyond the welfare ascendancy of the sixties by tracing welfare issues back to the...

Combining the opinions of a variety of panelists, this piece discusses the issue of healthy marriage and its relation to the welfare state, especially amongst low-income communities. This piece recognizes that the promotion of marriage is a good thing, and also brings up several statistics showing the direct correlation between the growth of welfare and the disintegration of the family.

According to this piece, the "good news about welfare reform" is that it is effectively decreasing poverty in low-income families and is also encouraging its participants to pursue behaviors that are beneficial to children and society at large....

"The Index of Family Belonging was 45.8 percent with a corresponding Family Rejection score of 54.2 percent for the United States for the year 2009. The action of parents determines the belonging or rejection score: whether they marry and belong to each other, or whether they reject one another through divorce or otherwise. Rejection leaves children without married parents committed to one...

This research brief seeks to assess the impacts of welfare reform on personal affairs such as family, marriage, and childbearing. The researchers imply that many welfare reform programs do not have a positive effect on marriage and out-of-wedlock birth rates. However, as the report goes on, the researchers do admit that several state welfare reform programs have...

"One of the purposes ... of TANF is to 'end the dependence of needy parents on government benefits by promoting job preparation, work, and marriages.' ... The purpose of this Article is to review the literature on welfare reform and TANF, to determine whether or not TANF's stated purpose is being met in Mississippi, and to recommend changes in laws or policies which we believe would help...

As the title infers, this piece seeks to determine the marriage and childbearing mindset of those on welfare programs. The authors find that the welfare reforms of 1996 influenced more women to view marriage favorably and out-of-wedlock childbearing unfavorably....

Video/Podcast/Media

"The subcommittee heard testimony about welfare programs in general and about specifics of the Republican proposal. The plan would turn over to the states control of the major welfare programs, Aid to Families with Dependent Children and Medicaid."

Part two can be found...

"Jason's DeParle's new book, American Dream: Three Women, Ten Kids, and The Nation's Drive to End Welfare, is an insightful look at welfare reform, poverty and the underclass. It examines the evolution of welfare reform in policy circles in Washington as well as the impact of reform on the lives of inner city families. Our discussion will focus on the...

"Christopher Paton, who runs JPMorgan Chase & Co.'s public-sector benefit payments business, talks with Bloomberg's Margaret Brennan about trends in food-stamp use in the U.S. 37 million Americans are currently enrolled to receive food stamps. JPMorgan is the largest processor of food-stamp benefits in the U.S."

In this clip, Thomas Sowell debates Pennsylvania's welfare secretary Helen Bohen O'Bannion. The former adamantly argues that the welfare state is at fault for the decided decline of the black family through the years. Sowell's debate opponent implies that it is the responsibility of the government to try to lift up the lower class' standard of living....

"If America does not get welfare reform under control, it will bankrupt America. But the Heritage Foundation's Robert Rector has a five-step plan to reform welfare while protecting our most vulnerable."

Primary Document

The full text version of the original legislation which was signed into law August 14, 1935 by FDR.

In testifying about whether or not funding should be increased for school nutrition programs, Robert Rector delves into the effects government subsidized welfare has on children and adults. According...

"I have tried as President to preserve and strengthen three significant legacies: world peace, productive jobs for all here in this country, and then strong families. And when it comes to family, I think maybe Barbara said it the best. She said, 'What goes on at the White House is not nearly as important as what goes on in your house." And what she was saying was emphasizing the importance of...

"This report presents data on income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States based on information collected in the 2012 and earlier Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplements (CPS ASEC) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.

Summary of findings:
• Real median household income declined between 2010 and 2011, a second consecutive annual...

In King v. Smith, the Supreme Court upheld a lower court's ruling on the ability of single mothers to collect AFDC payments (the precursor to today's TANF welfare program). In essence, the high court ruled that government welfare payments could no longer be withheld from...

Personal Responsibility and
Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996

The...

Testifying before a Senate subcommittee, Michael Tanner declares that welfare dependency often encourages a higher level of crime. The reasons Tanner offers to support this theory include the fact that single-parent - and welfare recipient - family members are often crime participants, as well as the fact that welfare support often alienates black males. Tanner...

Bill Wood's testimony argues for welfare reauthorization to place more emphasis on restoring traditional families by discouraging divorce and illegitimacy. According to Wood, concepts and practices that discourage traditional families lead...

This report presents numerous details and statistics on the TANF welfare program. According to the report, TANF is a "$16.5 billion a year block grant [that] was enacted under the Personal Responsibility and Work...

Cited as "An Act To strengthen the agricultural economy; to help to achieve a fuller and more effective use of food abundances; to provide for improved levels of nutrition among low-income households through a cooperative Federal-State program of food...

Often cited as one of the seminal writings on welfare's effects on the family, this piece describes the state of the black family in the mid-1960s. Chapter 2 of this document specifically relates the breakdown of the black family to the rise of the welfare...

"The earlier part of this book appeared in the form of five articles which came out in the 'New Witness' at the crisis of the recent controversy in the Press on the subject of divorce. Crude and sketchy as they confessedly were, they had a certain rude plan of their own, which I find it very difficult to recast even in order to expand. I have therefore decided to reprint the original articles...

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