Spalding traces the roots of American progressives to German thinkers who believed in the "Administrative State." Here, government is controlled by administrators and "experts," rather than officials elected to represent the people. Spalding also notes that the Founders and the progressives differed in their view of the Constitution. Progressives believed in a "...
Number of Government Employees
"Most of the 'bureaucracy' in American government is at the state and local level. State and local governments employ 16 million workers, far more than the 1.8 million civilians employed by the federal government. Figure 5 shows that, while the number of federal workers has been roughly constant for decades, the number of state and local workers has soared. The pattern is substantially explained by the huge growth in federal aid and the need for state and local governments to comply with masses of aid-related regulations."
More About This Topic...
- The Federal Aid System
- Number of Federal Aid Programs for the States
- Federal Aid to the States, Constant 2007 Dollars
- Grants to Local Governments in Billions of Dollars
- Constant Dollar Total Government Spending Per Capita vs. Share of Nonpayers
- Fiscal Federalism
- Real Per Capita Federal Expenditures:1800-1990
- Cost per Employee for Each Regulatory Agency: Current Dollars
- Federal budget expenditures 1913-2000
- Federal Register Pages, 1940-2001