The following collection of data breaks down 4th and 8th grade math scores by state, comparing the performance of poor students to non-poor students. Minnesota's results are highlighted.
Trends in Advanced Placement Science and Mathematics Test-Taking Among Female Students in California: A Latent Variable Approach
"This study compares trends in participation and performance on all science and mathematics Advanced Placement exams for female and male students in California high schools over a six-year period. Results indicate that while more females are participating in Advanced Placement science and mathematics they are not performing to the levels of their male counterparts. This performance gap presents a real obstacle for females as they prepare to enter college and later compete for jobs in these fields after graduation. As such, these findings signal the need for additional research that identifies means of reducing the performance gap between males and females in Advanced Placement examinations."